Jemput singgah blog saya..

Tuesday, September 01, 2015

Perbezaan dan persamaan antara Kod Etika Kaunselor Persatuan Kaunseling Malaysia, American School Counselor Association (ASCA), Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (APA), Code of Ethics (ACA)

Perbezaan dan persamaan antara Kod Etika Kaunselor Persatuan Kaunseling Malaysia, American School Counselor Association (ASCA), Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (APA), Code of Ethics (ACA)

Kod Etika Kaunselor Persatuan Kaunseling Malaysia
American School Counselor Association (ASCA)
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (APA)
Code of Ethics (ACA)
Isu Etika
X
X
·   Misuse of Psychologists’ Work
·   Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority
·   Conflicts Between Ethics and Organizational Demands
·   Informal Resolution of Ethical Violations
·   Reporting Ethical Violations
·   Cooperating With Ethics Committees
·   Improper Complaints
·   Unfair Discrimination Against Complainants and Respondents
·   Standards and the Law
·   Suspected Violations
·   Cooperation With Ethics
Committees
Profesional
·   Pengetahuan mengenai etika
·   Meningkatkan kecekapan
·   Memupuk nilai-nilai moral
·   Penyeliaan
·   Kecekapan profesionalisme
·   Kesedaran ketidakupayaan
·   Konflik kepentingan
·   Kecekapan profesionalisme
·   Tanggungjawab terhadap profesionalisme
·   Sumbangan terhadap profesionalisme
·   Kerjasama sekolah dengan profesion yang lain
·   Mengekalkan piawaian etika
·   Boundaries of Competence
·   Providing Services in Emergencies
·   Maintaining Competence
·   Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments
·    Delegation of Work to Others
·   Personal Problems and Conflicts
·   Knowledge of Standards
·   Professional Competence
·   Advertising and Soliciting
·   Clients
·   Accurate Advertising
·   Professional Qualifications
·   Nondiscrimination
·   Public Responsibility
·   Responsibility to Other
Professionals
Perhubungan Manusia
·   Menjaga hubungan dengan klien
·   Menghormati dunia persendirian klien
·   Pengetahuan pelbagai budaya
·   Kesejahteraan klien
·   Gangguan seksual
·   Menghormati keputusan klien
·   Keadilan
·   Membekalkan maklumat
·   Larangan hubungan dwi
·   Kebebasan klien menamatkan sesi
·   Menjaga hubungan dengan rakan profesional
·   Menjaga perhubungan dengan organisasi/majikan
·   Menjaga hubungan dengan masyarakat
·   Hubungan dengan pelajar
·   Hubungan dwi
·   Hubungan dengan ibu bapa
·   Hubungan profesional
·   Teknologi

·   Unfair Discrimination
·   Sexual Harassment
·   Other Harrassment
·   Avoiding Harm
·   Multiple Relationships
·   Conflict of Interest
·   Third-Party Requests for Services
·   Exploitative Relationships
·   Cooperation With Other Professionals
·   Informed Consent
·   Psychological Services Delivered to or Through Organizations
·   Interruption of Psychological Services
·   Welfare of Those Served
by Counselors
·   Informed Consent in the
Counseling Relationship
·   Clients Served by Others
·   Avoiding Harm and
Imposing Values.
·   Roles and Relationships
With Clients
·   Roles and Relationships
at Individual, Group,
Institutional, and
Societal Levels
·   Multiple Clients
·   Group Work
·   End-of-Life Care for
Terminally Ill Clients
·   Fees and Bartering
·   Termination and Referral
·   Technology Applications
Kerahsiaan
·   Kebenaran bermaklum
·   Budibicara kaunselor
·   Menerangkan tujuan, matlamat, taknik dan peraturan prosedur di dalam sesi kaunseling
·   Menyatakan had kerahsiaan
·   Mengiktiraf rumitnya kerahsiaan di sekolah dan menganggap setiap kes dalam konteks
·   Mengiktiraf obligasi utama kerahsiaan ialah terhadap pelajar tetapi berdasarkan kefahaman penjaga
·   Menyarankan untuk pelajar berdikari dan menggunakan kaedah yang sesuai dan mengelakkan perlanggaran kerahsiaan
·   Meminta mahkamah untuk tidak mendedahkan kerahsiaan sekiranya boleh membahayakan pelajar.
·   Maintaining Confidentiality
·   Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality
·   Recording
·   Minimizing Intrusions on Privacy
·   Disclosures
·   Consultations
·   Use of Confidential Information for Didactic or Other Purposes

·   Respecting Client Rights
·   Information Shared With Others (subordinates, treatment teams, confidential setting, third-party payers, transmitting confidential information  (computer), deceased client)
·   Group and Families
·   Clients Lacking Capacity to Give Informed Consent
·   Record
·   Research and Training
·   Consultation
Pengiklanan
·   Kelulusan professional
·   Pengiklanan yang tepat
·   Perkhidmatan di luar organisasi
·   Menyalahgunakan keahlian
X
·   Avoiding of False or Deceptive Statement
·   Statements by Others
·   Descriptions of Workshops and Non-Degree-Granting Educational Programs
·   Media Presentations
·   Testimonials
·   In-Person Solicatation
X
Laporan
·   Kaunselor perlu membuat laporan dan hendaklah disimpan dengan selamat dan dirahsiakan.
·   Mengekalkan dan menjamin rekod yang perlu untuk memberikan perkhidmatan profesional kepada pelajar
·   Menyimpan rekod milikan tunggal atau kes pelajar individu berasingan daripada rekod pelajar pendidikan
·   Mengiktiraf had rekod milikan tunggal
·   Menubuhkan tempoh masa yang munasabah untuk melupuskan rekod milikan tunggal atau mana-mana nota
·   Memahami dan mematuhi FERPA
·   Documentation of Professional and Scientific Work and Maintenance of Records
·   Maintenance, Dissemination, and Disposal of Confidential Records of Professional and Scientific Work
·   Withholding Records for Nonpayment
·   Fees and Financial Arrangements
·   Barter With Clients/Patients
·   Accuracy in Reports to Payors and Funding Sources
·   Referrals and Fees
·   Confidentiality of Records
·   Permission to Record
·   Permission to Observe
·   Client Access
·   Assistance With Records
·   When clients request access to their
·   records, counselors provide assistance
·   and consultation in interpreting
·   counseling records.
·   Disclosure or Transfer
·   Storage and Disposal After Termination
·   Reasonable Precautions
Latihan & Pendidikan
·   Kandungan program latihan kaunselor
·   Polisi latihan yang jelas
·   Maklumat tentang kaunselor pelatih
·   Kemahiran pendidik kaunselor
·   Maklumat yang benar
·   Penyalahgunaan kedudukan pendidik kaunselor
·   Mengelak kecederaan psikologi
X
·   Design of Education and Training Programs
·   Descriptions of Education and Training Programs
·   Accuracy in Teaching
·   Student Disclosure of Personal Information
·   Mandatory Individual or Group Therapy
·   Assessing Student and Supervisee Performance
·   Sexual Relationships With Students and Supervisees

·   Counselor Supervision
and Client Welfare
·   Counselor Supervision
Competence
·   supervisory relationship.
·   Supervisory Relationships
·   Supervisor Responsibilities
·   Counseling Supervision
Evaluation, Remediation,
and Endorsement
·   Responsibilities of
Counselor Educators
·   Student Welfare
·   Student Responsibilities
·   Evaluation and
Remediation of Students
Penyelidikan & Penerbitan
1.Etika penyelidikan
·   Pematuhan etika penyelidikan
·   Kesejahteraan dan kebajikan subjek
·   Kepatuhan pembantu penyelidik terhadap amalan etika
·   Laporan penyelidikan

2.Persetujuan subjek
·   Penyertaan secara sukarela
·   Maklumat jelas tentang penyelidikan
·   Persetujuan bermaklum
·   Hak subjek penyelidikan
·   Maklumat terselindung
·   Limitasi dan keselamatan subjek kanak-kanak
·   Kerahsiaan penyelidikan

3.Penerbitan
·   Etika penerbitan
·   Ketepatan maklumat
·   Kerahsiaan subjek

X
·   Institutional Approval
·   Informed Consent to Research
·   Informed Consent for Recording Voices and
Images in Research
·   Client/Patient, Student, and Subordinate Research Participants
·   Dispensing With Informed Consent for
Research
·   Offering Inducements for Research Participation
·   Deception in Research
·   Debriefing
·   Humane Care and Use of Animals in Research
·   Reporting Research Results
·   Plagiarism
·   Publication Credit
·   Duplicate Publication of Data
·   Sharing Research Data for Verification
·   Reviewers
·   Research Responsibilities
·   Rights of Research
·   Relationships with Research Participants
·   Reporting Results
·   Publication
Penilaian
·   maklumat lengkap ujian psikologi
·   kemahiran ujian psikologi
·   keputusan tepat
·   tafsiran keputusan psikologi
·   Mematuhi semua standard profesional mengenai memilih, mentadbir dan mentafsir langkah penilaian dan hanya menggunakan langkah-langkah penilaian yang berada dalam skop amalan kaunselor sekolah
·   Mempertimbangkan isu-isu kerahsiaan
·   Mempertimbangkan perkembangan umur, bahasa dan tahap kecekapan pelajar di dalam mengambil ujian
·   Menyediakan tafsiran sifat, tujuan, hasil dan impak taksiran
·   Bases for Assessments
·   Use of Assessments
·   Informed Consent in Assessments
·   Release of Test Data
·   Test Construction
·   Interpreting Assessment Results
·   Assessment by Unqualified Persons
·   Obsolete Tests and Outdated Test Results
·   Test Scoring and Interpretation Services
·   Explaining Assessment Results
·   Maintaining Test Security
·   Client Welfare
·   Competence to Use and
Interpret Assessment
Instruments
·   Informed Consent in
Assessment
·   Release of Data to
Qualified Professionals
·   Diagnosis of Mental
Disorders
·   Instrument Selection
·   Conditions of Assessment
Administration
·   Multicultural Issues/
·   Diversity in Assessment
·   Scoring and Interpretation
of Assessments
·   Assessment Security
·   Obsolete Assessments
and Outdated Results
·   Assessment Construction
·   Forensic Evaluation:
Evaluation for Legal
Proceedings
Terapi
X
·   Program kumpulan sokongan
·   Informed Consent to Therapy
·   Therapy Involving Couples or Families
·   Group Therapy
·   Providing Therapy to Those Served by Others
·   Sexual Intimacies With Relatives or Significant Others of Current Therapy Clients/Patients
·   Therapy With Former Sexual Partners
·   Sexual Intimacies With Former Therapy Clients/Patients
·   Keakraban seksual dengan bekas klien terapi
·   Interruption of Therapy
·   Terminating Therapy
X
Yuran
/
X
/
/
Aplikasi teknologi
X
/
X
/












2 comments:

Ok tell me how do u feel about that?